Islamic University Multidisciplinary Journal (IUMJ) formerly known as Islamic University Journal (IUJ) is an open access international double-blinded peer-reviewed journal. It is published quarterly (March, June, September and December) both online and in prints by the Islamic University in Uganda (IUIU), all rights reserved. The IUMJ is indexed and cross referenced. The IUMJ, welcomes, accepts and acknowledges high quality theoretical and empirical contributions in articles, short notes, conference papers, book forms, conceptual frameworks, analytical and simulation models, technical reports, drafts and reviewed papers and literatures from industries, academicians, organisations and research institutes all over the world in the areas of natural and applied sciences, education, social sciences, humanities, agriculture and medicine. IUMJ, focus on the developmental and continental growth of academic publications by providing a medium for intellectual exchange and interactions between researchers and academics. The Editorial Board Members are renowned academicians selected carefully among the echelon of Universities around the world.